] [What's New
] [Regional Research
] [Eastern Europe
Achtung! / Attention!
Diese Webseiten sind technisch und zum Teil auch inhaltlich veraltet; sie werden nicht mehr aktiv gepflegt. Ihr Inhalt wurde weitgehend in das aktuelle Webangebot GenWiki Ã¼berfÃ¼hrt, diese Migration konnte aber noch nicht abgeschlossen werden.
These pages are outdated, they aren't administered any longer. Most content was migrated to GenWiki, but the process isn't finished yet.
German Genealogy: Transylvania Village List
- General Information -
Since it is an impossible task to include all communities (over 3600),
criteria for the inclusion of the approximately 250 communities in this
In most instances, several of the above apply; a few additional entries
reflect the multiplicity of communities having the same name.
- an Evangelical (Lutheran) community in 1944 or 1995 (since most
Saxons are Lutheran)
- a "Heimatortsgemeinschaft" (HOG)
- FHL microfilms
- literature, e.g. Heimatbuch.
- VILLAGE NAMES: If you are searching for a specific village or are
unsure of the spelling of the village name, start with the
. Here, the village names (regardless of the language: German, Hungarian,
Romanian or in dialect) are given in alphabetical order without any accents
or Umlauts (e.g. Schäßburg is given on the index page as Schassburg).
Use the table of contents and the searching capabilities of your Web browser
to find the name of your village. A click on this name will lead you to
the record for this village. Of course, all different names for a village
lead to the same record.
- LOCATION: All communities are in Romania.
The approximate distance to a larger village is given in order to facilitate
finding it on maps. You may also want to have a look at some interactive
maps available on-line (for example
. Use the official name of the village as given in the list.
You can also browse through the list. It is sorted alphabetically (using
the German name). Due to the large number of villages and to reduce loading
time, this list has been split into 8 smaller sections:
- Unless indicated otherwise, numbers refer to total population
of the community
- Many of the remaining Lutheran Transylvanian communities no
longer have their own minister but are served by itinerant ministers.
The size of the Lutheran community on 31.12.1995 is not necessarily
an indication of the number of Saxons; members can also be Rumanian,
Hungarian, Roma, etc. Figures for the rest of the communties (after
Reps) will be added when available.
- GENEALOGICAL RECORDS:
- "Village name in FHL records" does not always correspond to usual
spelling of village name
- Many FHL microfilms contain gaps; only first and last years
- FHL microfilms often contain more than just christening/marriage/burial
records, e.g. confirmations, family registers (a most useful source!),
- Abbreviations: B = births/christenings; M = marriages; D =
- 1819/20 Hungarian Land Census ("Conscriptio Czirakyana"):
53 microfilms containing the feudal land tenancy census records:
only those villages, (about 50% of Transylvania), which belonged to
a feudal lord (i.e. were located on "Komitats- or Adelsboden") were
enumerated. As a very general rule of thumb, communities in the Nösnerland,
(i.e. around Bistritz), as well as around Hermannstadt, were not enumerated.
- a search by name for the village of interest is not possible on
the FHL CD
- the villages are listed according to their Hungarian names
- be aware that though the "item number" might contain data on up
to 20 villages, for the most part, these are then in alphabetical order
- Microfilms in Leipzig at the
Deutsche Zentralstelle für Genealogie
are generally - but not always - identical to those available at
- Information for Hermannstadt archives is contained in the newsletter
of the Siebenbürgen Institut, Gundelsheim/Germany: Siebenbürgische
Familienforschung 1992;9(2), p. 94-96. The Hermannstadt city archives
contain more than what is listed in these pages, e.g. more recent records,
church registers for other communities, as well as records for Orthodox,
Greek-Catholic, Roman-Catholic and Reformed (Calvinist) church communities.
Apparently, personal research in the archives is possible only after
first contacting the National Archives in Bucharest. Write to:
Arhivele Nationale ale Romaniei
B-dul Regina Elisabeta 49
C-70602 Bucuresti, Sector 5
- Most Transylvanian communities were founded prior to written
records, (and sometimes even these haven't survived natural [earthquakes,
flooding] and human [war, fire] catastrophes), therefore the use of
the term, "Documented", which refers to the first documented evidence
of the village name. Often though the area was settled centuries earlier
as archeological findings will attest.
- Kirchenburg/church fortress: some are in good condition, some
are being renovated, some are in a deplorable state, but often only
the ruins remain
- The Heimatortsgemeinschaften (commonly abbreviated as HOG),
which are organizations of expatriat Transylvanian Saxons, are located
in either Germany (where the majority reside today) or Austria. Many
regularly sponsor trips to Transylvania, publish newsletters, hold
dances and other cultural events, as well as get-togethers ("Treffen").
, and programs are generally published in the Siebenbürgische
- To keep in touch many of the HOGs publish newsletters (called
Heimatblatt, Heimatbote, Nachrichtenblatt, etc.) for former and present
inhabitants of many Transylvanian communities on a fairly regular basis;
[year] = the first year of publication. Further information can be obtained
from the respective HOG
- Ortsgenealoge (=village genealogist(s))
- Ortsgeschichten (=village histories) as well as websites are
predominantly in German
- "Spelling with diacritics" refers to current name of community.
For Romanian names, the cedilla under the letter s (which makes a
sh out of it) and under the letter t (which makes a ts out of it) is
missing. They are not reproducible with the commonly available character
sets of the Web browsers. The breve (accent: "half a circle open upwards"
over the letter a representing a short (brief) vowel) has been represented
as a tilde over a, i.e. ã.
After 1990, in many cases Romanian orthography was changed for the
vowel î: it is now spelled â (as it was before 1950 or so). The pronunciation
- The library in
, (abbreviated as: G) has a copy of most of these; some as well can
be found in the Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen,
(IfA) and Martin-Opitz-Bibliothek, Herne, Germany (MOB).
- "SZ+date" = date of review or mention in the Siebenbürgische
- Format: Place. Title. (author). Place of publication,
publisher, year of publication. Number of pages, and other info. (Series
[usually: Schriftenreihe der Siebenbürgisch-Sächsischen Stiftung]).
Price (generally in DM). Holdings. Order address/Bezugsadresse: unless
otherwise indicated, these are all in Germany.
SOURCES used in the compilation of this list:
- Heltmann, Heinz, Gustav Servatius. Reisehandbuch Siebenbürgen
. 1992, Würzburg, Kraft Verlag. 570 p. ISBN 3-8083-2019-2.
- Mittelstrass, Otto. Ortsnamenbuch. 1992, Gundelsheim, Arbeitskreis
für Siebenbürgische Landeskunde e.V. Heidelberg. (Historisch-landeskundlicher
Atlas von Siebenbürgen; 1) ISBN 3-929848-00-7.
- Myß, Walter (ed). Lexikon der Siebenbürger Sachsen / Siebenbürger
Sachsen Lexikon: Geschichte, Kultur, Zivilisation, Wissenschaften, Wirtschaft,
Lebensraum Siebenbürgen (Transsilvanien). 1993, Würzburg, Kraft Verlag
/ München, Edition Wort und Welt. 624p.
- Newsletter: "Siebenbürgische Familienforschung"
- Nussbächer, Gernot. Aus Urkunden und Chroniken: Beiträge zur
siebenbürgischen Heimatkunde. 4 Bd./vols. Bd. 4. 1994: Brasov, Aldus
Verlag. 176 p.
- Series: "Die HOG stellt sich vor" published in the Siebenbürgische
Zeitung; full texts are available on the
- Wermes, Martina, Renate Jude, Hans-Jürgen Voigt. Bestandsverzeichnis
der Deutschen Zentralstelle für Genealogie Leipzig Teil II : Die archivalischen
und Kirchenbuchunterlagen deutscher Siedlungsgebiete im Ausland Bessarabien,
Bukowina, Estland, Lettland und Litauen, Siebenbürgen, Sudetenland, Slowenien
und Südtirol. 1992, Neustadt/Aisch, Verlag Degener. 189 p. (Genealogische
Informationen; Bd. 25). Location: Salt Lake City: Europe book area 943.21/L2
K23w pt. 2.
CONTENTS: Inventory of holdings of the German Central Office for Genealogy
in Leipzig for former German settlements in Bessarabia, Bukowina, Estonia,
Latvia, Lithuania, Transylvania, the Sudetenland, Slovenia and south Tirol.
Shows microfilm holdings for towns in each area. Indexed.
If you have additions to the contents of individual entries or find mistakes
(and there will be some!) please let us know.
This page last updated: 11-apr-03 (mf)
Please send comments and corrections (include the name of this web page)
or to: WebMaster